Thursday, September 19, 2019

Arts and Culture of India Part – Ⅱ

Arts and Culture Of India Part – Ⅱ For Railway NTPC And Gr- D

Arts and Cultre of india for RRB NTPC

In the previous Lecture we have read First Part of the post 'Arts And Culture Of India'. In that post we read about Classical, Folk Dances of Indian States, Musical Instrumens their famous player etc. India is full of vast Culture and tradition. In many part of India you will see different Languages, Culture and Tradition. In the second part we will focus on them.
This post is created according to the syllabus of Upcoming Railway NTPC, Group-D exams. This Post help you not only in Railway Exam But Also for Other competitive Exams like SSC and Sate PSC

State, Union Territory and Their New Year Festivals

REGION
FESTIVAL
REGION
FESTIVAL
Assam
Rangoli Bihu
Maharashtra
Gudi Padwa
Andhrapradesh
Ugadi
Goa , Konkarn
Gudi Padwa
Telangana
Ugadi
Manipur
Cheiraoba
Karnataka
Ugadi
Jammu
Navratri
Tamil Nadu
Tamil Puthandu
Kashmir
Navreh
Kerala
Vishu, Chingam
Rajasthan
Navratri
Odisha
Bishuva Sankranti
Punjab
Vaishakhi
Jharkhand
Bighu
Sindh
Cheti Chand
U.P
Pratipada
Gujrat
Nav Varsh
Uttrakhand
Bhikhu
West Bengal
Poila Boishakh
Bihar
Jud Sheetal


Parshi, Zoroastrian — Nowruz

States, Union Territory and Their Primary Official Languages

States
Primary Language
States
Primary Language
Andhra Pradesh
Telugu
Punjab
Punjabi
Arunachal Pradesh
Nishi
Rajasthan
Hindi(Rajasthani)
Assam
Assames
Sikkim
Nepali
Bihar
Hindi(Bhojpuri, Magdhi)
Tamil Nadu
Tamil
Chattisgarh
Hindi(Chhattisgarhi)
Telangana
Telugu
Goa
Hindi
Tripura
Bengali
Gujrat 
Gujrati
Uttar Pradesh
Hindi
Haryana
Hindi
Uttarakhand
Hindi
Himachal Pradesh
Hindi
West Bengal
Bengali
Jharkhand
Hindi
Union Territories
Primary Language
Karnataka
Kannada
Delhi
Hindi
Kerala
Malayalam
Daman & Diu
Gujrati
Madhya Pradesh
Hindi
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Gujrati
Maharashtra
Marathi
Chandigarh
Hindi
Manipur
Manipuri
Lakshadweep
Malayalam
Meghalaya
Kashi
Punducherry
Tamil
Mizoram
Mizo
Andman and Nicobar Island
Hindi
Nagaland
Naga
Jammu & Kashmir
Urdu
Odisha
Oriya
Ladakh
Hindi, Tibetean

Famous Indian Temple and Their Founder

Temple
Place
Year
Built by
Jagannath Temple
Puri, Odisha
1611
Indradyumman
Somnath Temple
Gujrat
Moon God
Badrinath
Uttarakhand
9 Century BC
Adi Sankracharya
Kedarnath
Gharwal, Uttarakhand
8 Century Bc 
Pandavas
Konark sun Temple
Odisha
13th Century
Narasimhadeva
Meenakshi Temple
Madurai, Tamilnadu
1623 — 1655 CE
vishwanatha Nayakar
Amarnath Cave 
Jammu & Kashmir
Natural Formation
Kashi Vishwanath
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
1780 CE
Ahilya Bai
Mata Vaishno Devi Temple
Jammu
Shirdi Sai Baba Temple
Shirdi, Maharashtra
1922 CE
Sanchi Stupa
Raisen, Madhya Pradesh
3rd Century BC
Ashoka
Siddhivinayak Temple
Mumbai
18th Century
Mahabodhi Temple
Bihar
3rd Century BC
Ashoka
Golden Temple
Amritsar, Punjab
1577
Guru Ram Das
Kamakhya Temple
Guwahati
8th — 17th Century
Venkateswara Temple
Tirumala, Andhrapradesh
300 AD
King Thondaiman
Ramanathaswamy Temple
Rameshwaram, Tamilnadu
7 — 8th Century
Pandya, Jaffna Kings
Brihadeshwara Temple
Thanjavur, Tamilnadu
11th Century
Raja Raja Chola Ⅰ
Vitthala Temple
Hampi, Karnataka
1th Century
King Devaraya
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Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Arts and Culture of India Part–I

Notes on Arts and Culture of India


In this chapter we will learn about 'Arts and Culture of India' this chapter will give you details of Classical and Folk Dances, Music Instrument, famous personality related with this field which is helpful for upcoming Railway NTPC , Group-D, SSC and State PSC Exams.

Classical Dance of India

The first mention of Dances found from the Bharat muni's works 'Natya Shastra'. According to Historian the work was compiled between 200 BC to 2nd century AD.
At present Sangeet Natka Academy Of india recognizes 8 Classical Dances Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, Mohiniattam, Odissi, Manipuri, Kathk and Sattriya.

Details About Classical Dance Form :-


Dance Form
Origin
Characteristics
Famous performer
1
Bharatnatyam
Tamil Nadu
Oldest classical dance form. Dance is performed by temple dancer or devadasi. It symbolizes Fire element.
Bala Saraswati, C. V. Chandrasekhar, Leela Samson, Mrinalini Sarabhai, Padma
Subramanyam, Rukmini Devi, Sanyukta Panigrahi, Sonal Mansingh, Yamini
Krishnamurti
2
Kuchipudi
Andhra Pradesh
Kuchipudi recitals are based on the stories of Bhagavata purana.
It symbolizes Earth element.
Josyula Seetharamaiah, Vempathi Chinna Sthyam
3
Kathakali
Kerala
It shows the conflict between good and evil.
It symbolizes Sky or Ether element.
Mrinalini sarabhai, Guru Shankaran, Namboodripad, Thottam Sankaran, Kutti Nayyar, Shankar Kurup, KC Pannikar, TT Ram Kulti
4
Mohiniattam
Kerala
Narrates the story of faminine dance of lord vishnu.
It symbolizes Air element.
Protima Devi, Sanyukta panigrahi, Sonal mansingh, Pankaj Charan Das
5
Odissi
Odisha
The lyrics of Geet Govind written by Jayadeva is used. Symbolizes Water element
Debaprasad Das, Dhirendra Nath Pattnaik, Indrani Rahman, Kelucharan Mahapatra, Priyambada Mohanty, Sonal Mansingh
6
Manipuri
Manipur
Ras Leela is the recurring theme of the dance.
Guru Bipin Sinha, Jhaveri Sisters, Nirmala Mehta, Savita Mehta
7
Kathak
Uttar Pradesh
Accompanied with Dhrupad music
Bharti Gupta, Birju Maharaj, Damayanti Joshi, Durga Das, Gopi Krishna, Kumudini
Lakhia, Sambhu Maharaj, Sitara Devi
8
Sattriya
Assam
Origin Natya Shastra of Sage Bharat muni.
It is inspired from Bhakti movement.
Anwesa Mahanta

States and their Folk Dances in India :-

STATE
FOLK Dance
STATE
FOLK Dance
Andhra Pradesh
Kuchipudi, Kollatam
Uttarakhand
Garhwali, Kumayuni, Kajari
Arunachal Pradesh
Bardo chham, Mukhota
Assam
Bihu, Kaligopal, Jhumar Nach
Bihar
Jata-Jatin, Panwariya
Gujrat
Garba, Raas, Tippani Dance
Jharkhand
Karma/Munda
Sikkim
Singhi Chham
Uttar pradesh
Nautanki, Raslila, Kajri, Jhora
Rajasthan
Ghoomar, Kalbelia, Bhavai, Kachchhi Ghodi.
Punjab
Bhangra, Giddh , Jhumar, Karthi, Ludi
West Bengal
Gambhira, Nacni, Alkap, Domni, Chow
Karnataka
Yakshagana, Kunitha, Bayalata
Kerala
Mohiniyattam, Ottam thulal
Madhya Pradesh
Jawara, Maanch, Grida, Tertali, Phulpati Dance, Matki Dance
Chattisgarh
Panthi, Raut Nacha, Gaur Maria, Dekhni Dance
Haryana
Saang, Ras Leela, Ghoomar, Jhumar, Teej, Phag ,Dhamal
Maharashtra
Lavni, Tamasha ,Dangi ,Pavri Nach ,Povadas ,Koli ,Dindi
Odisha
Ghumura Dance, Ruk Mar Nacha, Chhau dance, Odissi, Baagh or Tiger Naach
Goa
Koli, Dhalo, Ghodemodni, Romta Mel, Divlyan Nac
J & K
Rauf, Hikat, Mandjas, Kud Dandi Nach
Manipur
Dol Cholam, Thang Ta, Lai Haraoiba
Tamil Nadu
Kolattam, Kamandi, Pandigai, Devarattam, Karakattam
Himachal Pradesh
Dhaman, Jhora, Jhali, Chharhi
Nagaland
Rangma, Bamboo Dance
Mizoram
Cheraw Dance, Khuallam, Chailam
Tripura 
Hojagiri
Meghalaya
Laho, Nongkrem

Type of Musical Instruments:-

STRING INSTRUMENTS
WIND INSTRUMENTS
PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS
Flute
Sitar
Tabla
Shehnai
Sarod
Drum
Harmonica
Guitar
Dholak
Trumpet
Violin
Bells
Piano
Veena
Mridangam
Bagpipe
Banjo
Xylophone

Musical Instruments and Instrumentalists:-

Instrument
Instrumentalists
Tabla
Zakir Hussain, Alla Rakha Khan, Kishna Mahraj, Nikhil Ghosh, Pandit Samta Prasad, Latif khan
Flute
Hari Prasad Chaurasia, Pannalal Ghosh, TR Mahalingam, N Ramani
Shehnai
Bismillah Khan
Mridangam
Palghat Mani Iyer, Karaikudi R Mani, Palghat Raghu
Sarod
Buddhadev Dasgupta, Ali Akbar Khan, Amjad Ali Khan
Saarangi
Ustad Binda Khan
Sitar
Ravi Shankar, Hara Shankar Bhattacharya, Nikil Banerjee
Violin
MS Gopal Krishnan, TN Krishnan, Baluswamay, Gajanan Rao Joshi
Veena
Doraiswamy Iyengar, Chittibabu, Emani Sankara Shastri

These are the Important Tables for memorizing Classical and Folk Dances of India, Musical Instruments and their famous player. This post is created according to the syllabus of RRB NTPC Exam but it will very helpful for Other Railway, SSC and Comptative Exams also. So these are the common points that discuss in the first part of our post 'Arts and Culture of India part -1' rest we will read in our next post ' Arts and Culture of India Part-2'. 


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