United Nations Organisations For RRB NTPC and SSC Exams
United Nations and Its member-countriesUNO :- United Nations Organisations is the world’s largest international organisation and a successor of league of nations. (league of Nations was formed after the first world war , but it failed).
- The Charter of the UN was signed at san Francisco on june 26, 1945 , at a meeting of the representatives of 50 states.
- The name United nations was given at the insistence of US President Roosevelt.
- Formally came into existence on October 24, 1945.
- First regular session was held in London in January, 1946 and Trygve Lie (Norway) was elected the first Secretary General.
Headquarters :- its headquarter located at New York, US.
Flag :- White UN emblem (2 bent olive branches open at top, and in between them is the map of the world) on a light blue background. It was adopted on October 20, 1947.
Official Languages:- the official language of UN are English, French, Chinese, Russian, Arabic and Spanish while working language are English and French only.
Organs of United Nationsthere are six principal bodies on the United Nations (UN) :-
- General Assembly
- Security Council
- Economic and social Council
- International Court of Justice
- Trusteeship Council
The non permanent members are elected by the General Assembly for 2 year from among the member states
International Court of Justice consists of 15 judges
Secretary General Of the United Nations:-
The first Secretary General of the United Nations was Trygve Lie of Norway. At present António Guterres is the new secretary General of the UN.
Some Important UN Agencies
|1||International Labour |
|Geneva||To improve condition and living |
Standard of workers.
|2||World Helth |
|Geneva||Attainment of heighest possible |
Level of helth by all people.
|3||World Trade |
|Geneva||Setting rules for world trade to |
|4||International Atomic Energy |
|Vienna||To promote peaceful uses of |
|5||United Nations International |
|New York||To promote children's welfare all |
over the world
|6||United Nations Devlopment |
|New York||Help Developing countries increase |
the wealth producing capabilities of
their natural and human resources
|7||United Nations Educational |
Scientific and Cultural
|Paris||To Promote Collaboration among |
nationsthrough eduacation, science
|8||International Monetary |
|Washington DC||Promotes inernational monetary |
|9||International Finance |
|Washington DC||Promote economic devlopment by |
encouraging private enterprise in
its member countries
|10||International Bank for |
|Washington DC||Devlopment of economies of members |
by facilitating investment of capitals
by providing loans
|11||Food and Agriculture |
|Rome||To improve living Condition of rural |