Notes on Arts and Culture of India
In this chapter we will learn about ‘Arts and Culture of India‘ this chapter will give you details of Classical and Folk Dances, Music Instrument, famous personality related with this field which is helpful for upcoming Railway NTPC , Group-D, SSC and State PSC Exams.
Classical Dance of India
The first mention of Dances found from the Bharat muni‘s works ‘Natya Shastra’. According to Historian the work was compiled between 200 BC to 2nd century AD.
At present Sangeet Natka Academy Of india recognizes 8 Classical Dances Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, Mohiniattam, Odissi, Manipuri, Kathk and Sattriya.
Details About Classical Dance Form :-
Oldest classical dance form. Dance is performed by temple dancer or devadasi. It symbolizes Fire element.
Bala Saraswati, C. V. Chandrasekhar, Leela Samson, Mrinalini Sarabhai, Padma
Subramanyam, Rukmini Devi, Sanyukta Panigrahi, Sonal Mansingh, Yamini
Kuchipudi recitals are based on the stories of Bhagavata purana.
It symbolizes Earth element.
Josyula Seetharamaiah, Vempathi Chinna Sthyam
It shows the conflict between good and evil.
It symbolizes Sky or Ether element.
Mrinalini sarabhai, Guru Shankaran, Namboodripad, Thottam Sankaran, Kutti Nayyar, Shankar Kurup, KC Pannikar, TT Ram Kulti
Narrates the story of faminine dance of lord vishnu.
It symbolizes Air element.
Protima Devi, Sanyukta panigrahi, Sonal mansingh, Pankaj Charan Das
The lyrics of Geet Govind written by Jayadeva is used. Symbolizes Water element
Debaprasad Das, Dhirendra Nath Pattnaik, Indrani Rahman, Kelucharan Mahapatra, Priyambada Mohanty, Sonal Mansingh
Ras Leela is the recurring theme of the dance.
Guru Bipin Sinha, Jhaveri Sisters, Nirmala Mehta, Savita Mehta
Accompanied with Dhrupad music
Bharti Gupta, Birju Maharaj, Damayanti Joshi, Durga Das, Gopi Krishna, Kumudini
Lakhia, Sambhu Maharaj, Sitara Devi
Origin Natya Shastra of Sage Bharat muni.
It is inspired from Bhakti movement.
States and their Folk Dances in India :-
Garhwali, Kumayuni, Kajari
Bardo chham, Mukhota
Bihu, Kaligopal, Jhumar Nach
Garba, Raas, Tippani Dance
Nautanki, Raslila, Kajri, Jhora
Ghoomar, Kalbelia, Bhavai, Kachchhi Ghodi.
Bhangra, Giddh , Jhumar, Karthi, Ludi
Gambhira, Nacni, Alkap, Domni, Chow
Yakshagana, Kunitha, Bayalata
Mohiniyattam, Ottam thulal
Jawara, Maanch, Grida, Tertali, Phulpati Dance, Matki Dance
Panthi, Raut Nacha, Gaur Maria, Dekhni Dance
Saang, Ras Leela, Ghoomar, Jhumar, Teej, Phag ,Dhamal
Lavni, Tamasha ,Dangi ,Pavri Nach ,Povadas ,Koli ,Dindi
Ghumura Dance, Ruk Mar Nacha, Chhau dance, Odissi, Baagh or Tiger Naach
Koli, Dhalo, Ghodemodni, Romta Mel, Divlyan Nac
J & K
Rauf, Hikat, Mandjas, Kud Dandi Nach
Dol Cholam, Thang Ta, Lai Haraoiba
Kolattam, Kamandi, Pandigai, Devarattam, Karakattam
Dhaman, Jhora, Jhali, Chharhi
Rangma, Bamboo Dance
Cheraw Dance, Khuallam, Chailam
Type of Musical Instruments:-
Musical Instruments and Instrumentalists:-
Zakir Hussain, Alla Rakha Khan, Kishna Mahraj, Nikhil Ghosh, Pandit Samta Prasad, Latif khan
Hari Prasad Chaurasia, Pannalal Ghosh, TR Mahalingam, N Ramani
Palghat Mani Iyer, Karaikudi R Mani, Palghat Raghu
Buddhadev Dasgupta, Ali Akbar Khan, Amjad Ali Khan
Ustad Binda Khan
Ravi Shankar, Hara Shankar Bhattacharya, Nikil Banerjee
MS Gopal Krishnan, TN Krishnan, Baluswamay, Gajanan Rao Joshi
Doraiswamy Iyengar, Chittibabu, Emani Sankara Shastri