On Lord Buddha Purnima we will discuss about a prince of Saka Clan Gautam Buddha who leave his home for the search of true aim of life. How Gautam Buddha founded Buddhism one of the biggest Religion or say way of life that gave many people a path to peaceful life.
Goutam Buddha Or Shakyamuni Original name was Siddhartha founded Buddhism.
About Goutam Buddha
Vaisakha Purnima or Buddha Purnima : Birthday of Buddha
Buddha born around 563 BC at Lumbini, Kapilvastu on Vaisakha Purnima day in Nepal therefore many Buddhist Followers in Asia and South-East Asia celebrate this day as Buddha Purnima or Vaisakha Purnima. He belongs to Kshatriya Clan.
His father Suddhodhana was Saka ruler. Mother Mahamaya died just after 7 day of his birth. He was brought by stepmother Gautami. He Married at the age 16 to Yashodhara. He had a son named Rahul.
Important incidents in his Life
There are some of the important incidents that change his life completely and Inspire him to set a discipline Buddhism to help common persons from their sufferings by Sermons and Teaching in local language of Pali.
At the age of 29 year after witnessing four scene in sequence an Old man, a sick-man, a dead body and a ascetic he decided to leave his enjoyable life in search of truth of Life.
At 35 year of age at Bodh Gaya under Pipal Tree (Ficus religiosa) on the bank of river Niranjan (Phalgu River) on the 49th day of meditation.
He gave his first sermon which is known as Dharma chakra Pravartna at Sarnath, where his five disciples had settled.
Death of Gautam Buddha
He died at the age of 80 years in 483 BC at Kusinagar in UP .
Symbols that represents Major Events of Buddha’s life
Lotus or Bull :- Birth of Gautam Buddha
Horse :- Mahabhinishkramana or Renunciation
Bodhi Tree :- Nirvanas or Enlightment
8-spoked wheel :- Dharmachkara parvartna (First Sermon)
Stupa :- Mahaparinirvana ( Death)
Buddhism and Teaching of Buddha
Four Nobel Truth
- The World is full of sorrow.
- The cause of sorrow is desire.
- If desire are conquered, Nirvana can be achieved.
- This can be achieved by following the Eightfold path (Astangika Marga)
- Right understanding
- Right thought
- Right Speech
- Right Action
- Right Livelihood
- Right Effort
- Right Mindfulness
- Right Concentration
Three Jewels (Tri-Ratna) of Buddhism
- The Buddha (The enlightened)
- Dhamma (Doctrine of Buddhism)
- Sangha(Order of Buddhism)
Sects of Buddhism
Hinayana or lesser vehicle
Its followers believed in the original teaching of the Buddha. They did not believe in the idol worship they believe in Karma. Pali, the languag of the masses, was used by Hinayana Buddhists. Ashoka patronized Hinayana Buddhism.
Mahayana or greater vehicle
Its followers believed in the heavenliness of the Buddha. It believed in idol worship. Sanskrit, the language of scholars, was used by Mahayana Buddhists. Kaniska and Harshvardhana supported Mahayana.
Vajrayana or vehicle of thunder bolt
Its followers believed that salvation be best attained by acquiring the magical power which they called Vajra. The chief divinities of this new sect were the Taras. It became popular in eastern India, particularly Bengal and Bihar.
Hinayana Literature, Tipitaka
Vinaya Pitaka :- Rules of monastic discipline for monks.
Sutta Pitaka :- Collection of Buddha’s sermon.
Abhidhamma Pitaka :- Philosophies of Buddha’s teachings.
|72 AD||Kundalvan |
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