Chemical Compound With Formula

Common Name of Chemical Compound and formula

“Chemical compound with formula” is written about the common name and formula of chemical compounds. If you analyse previous years’ question papers of Railway Group – D, Railway NTPC, SSC or Other State Government Exams you will find that in General Study (GS) Section questions Related to Chemical Compound asked many time like :—–

1) What is the Chemical formula of Bleaching Powder ? 

2)Which Chemical Compound is known as Dry Ice ? 

3) What is the Chemical formula of Blue Vitriol ? etc. 

Common name of Chemical compound
Ferrous Sulphate, FeSO4

To master these type of questions in General Study Section we provide detailed notes and pdf, so don’t forget to read it.

What is mean by Chemical Compound?

Chemical substances consist of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element by chemical bonding in fixed proportion are called Compounds.

Examples of Chemical compounds :- H2O, CO2, Nacl, CaOH, etc.

What is the Chemical formula of Compound?

It is the sybolic representation of a compound  made up of atoms of  two or more elements in fixed mass ratio. eg – H2O made up of two hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom.

Types of Chemical Compounds

Generally their are three types of chemical compounds — 

1) Ionic Compound

The compound formed by the transfer of electron from a metal to a non-metal atom is known as Ionic or Electrovalent compound. example – NaCl, MgCl2, CaO, etc.

2) Covalent Compound 

The compounds that are the result of sharing of electron are called Covalent Compound. example – H2, CO2, N2, etc.

3) Coordinate Compound

It has special type of covalent bond. These compounds exist in all the three states (solid, liquid and gas) under ordinary condition.

List of Chemical Compound

Common NameChemical NameFormula
Rock SaltSodium ChlorideNacl
Caustic sodaSodium HydroxideNaOH
Washing SodaSodium CarbonateNa2CO3
Baking SodaSodium BicarbonateNaHCO3
BoroxSodium Tetraborate decahydrateNa2B4O7.10H2O
Glauber’s SaltSodium Sulphate decahydrateNa2SO4.10H2O
Chilli Salt PetreSodium NitrateNaNO3
Milk of MagnesiaMagnesium HydroxideMg(OH)2
Epsom SaltMagnesium SulphateMgSO4
DolomiteMagnesium CarbonateMgCO3
Quick LimeCalcium OxideCaO
Slaked LimeCalcium HydroxideCa(OH)2
Marbel, Chalk, PearlCalcium CarbonateCaCO3
Bleaching PowderCalcium ChlorooxychloriteCa(OCl)Cl
GypsumCalsium SulphateCaSO4.2H2O
Plaster of ParisCalsium Sulphate hemihydrateCaSO4.1/2H2O
Rubby or SapphireAluminium OxideAl2O3
EpsumMagnesium SulphateMgSO4.7H2O
MagesiaMagnesium OxideMgO
Green VitriolFerrous SulphateFeSO4.7H2O
Mohr’s SlatFerrous Ammonium SulphateFeSO4.(NH4)2SO4.6H2O
Blue VitriolCopper SulphateCuSO4
AlumPotassium Aluminium SulphateK2SO4.Al2(SO4)3.24H2O
AlcoholEthyl AlcoholC2H5OH
CalomelMercurous ChlorideHg2Cl2 or HgCl
Dry IceSolid Carbon DioxideCO2
Laughing GasNitrous OxideN2O
LithargeLead OxidePbO
Lunar CasticSilver NitrateAgNO3
Marsh GasMethaneCH4
Muratic AcidHydrogen ChlorideHCl
SandSilicon dioxideSiO2
SpiritMethyl AlcoholCH4Cl
VinegarAcetic AcidCH3COOH
White VitriolZinc SulphateZnSO4.7H2O

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