Chemical Compound With Formula

Common Name of Chemical Compound and formula

“Chemical compound with formula” is written about the common name and formula of chemical compounds. If you analyse previous years’ question papers of Railway Group – D, Railway NTPC, SSC or Other State Government Exams you will find that in General Study (GS) Section questions Related to Chemical Compound asked many time like :—–

1) What is the Chemical formula of Bleaching Powder ? 

2)Which Chemical Compound is known as Dry Ice ? 

3) What is the Chemical formula of Blue Vitriol ? etc. 

Common name of Chemical compound
Ferrous Sulphate, FeSO4

To master these type of questions in General Study Section we provide detailed notes and pdf, so don’t forget to read it.

What is mean by Chemical Compound?

Chemical substances consist of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element by chemical bonding in fixed proportion are called Compounds.

Examples of Chemical compounds :- H2O, CO2, Nacl, CaOH, etc.

What is the Chemical formula of Compound?

It is the sybolic representation of a compound  made up of atoms of  two or more elements in fixed mass ratio. eg – H2O made up of two hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom.

Types of Chemical Compounds

Generally their are three types of chemical compounds — 

1) Ionic Compound

The compound formed by the transfer of electron from a metal to a non-metal atom is known as Ionic or Electrovalent compound. example – NaCl, MgCl2, CaO, etc.

2) Covalent Compound 

The compounds that are the result of sharing of electron are called Covalent Compound. example – H2, CO2, N2, etc.

3) Coordinate Compound

It has special type of covalent bond. These compounds exist in all the three states (solid, liquid and gas) under ordinary condition.

List of Chemical Compound

Common Name Chemical Name Formula
Rock Salt Sodium Chloride Nacl
Caustic soda Sodium Hydroxide NaOH
Washing Soda Sodium Carbonate Na2CO3
Baking Soda Sodium Bicarbonate NaHCO3
Borox Sodium Tetraborate decahydrate Na2B4O7.10H2O
Glauber’s Salt Sodium Sulphate decahydrate Na2SO4.10H2O
Chilli Salt Petre Sodium Nitrate NaNO3
Milk of Magnesia Magnesium Hydroxide Mg(OH)2
Epsom Salt Magnesium Sulphate MgSO4
Dolomite Magnesium Carbonate MgCO3
Quick Lime Calcium Oxide CaO
Slaked Lime Calcium Hydroxide Ca(OH)2
Marbel, Chalk, Pearl Calcium Carbonate CaCO3
Bleaching Powder Calcium Chlorooxychlorite Ca(OCl)Cl
Gypsum Calsium Sulphate CaSO4.2H2O
Plaster of Paris Calsium Sulphate hemihydrate CaSO4.1/2H2O
Rubby or Sapphire Aluminium Oxide Al2O3
Epsum Magnesium Sulphate MgSO4.7H2O
Magesia Magnesium Oxide MgO
Green Vitriol Ferrous Sulphate FeSO4.7H2O
Mohr’s Slat Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate FeSO4.(NH4)2SO4.6H2O
Blue Vitriol Copper Sulphate CuSO4
Alum Potassium Aluminium Sulphate K2SO4.Al2(SO4)3.24H2O
Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol C2H5OH
Calomel Mercurous Chloride Hg2Cl2 or HgCl
Chloroform Trichloromethane CHCl3
Dry Ice Solid Carbon Dioxide CO2
Laughing Gas Nitrous Oxide N2O
Litharge Lead Oxide PbO
Lunar Castic Silver Nitrate AgNO3
Marsh Gas Methane CH4
Muratic Acid Hydrogen Chloride HCl
Sand Silicon dioxide SiO2
Spirit Methyl Alcohol CH4Cl
Vinegar Acetic Acid CH3COOH
White Vitriol Zinc Sulphate ZnSO4.7H2O

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