Common Name of Chemical Compound and formula
“Chemical compound with formula” is written about the common name and formula of chemical compounds. If you analyse previous years’ question papers of Railway Group – D, Railway NTPC, SSC or Other State Government Exams you will find that in General Study (GS) Section questions Related to Chemical Compound asked many time like :—–
1) What is the Chemical formula of Bleaching Powder ?
2)Which Chemical Compound is known as Dry Ice ?
3) What is the Chemical formula of Blue Vitriol ? etc.
Ferrous Sulphate, FeSO4
To master these type of questions in General Study Section we provide detailed notes and pdf, so don’t forget to read it.
What is mean by Chemical Compound?
Chemical substances consist of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element by chemical bonding in fixed proportion are called Compounds.
Examples of Chemical compounds :- H2O, CO2, Nacl, CaOH, etc.
What is the Chemical formula of Compound?
It is the sybolic representation of a compound made up of atoms of two or more elements in fixed mass ratio. eg – H2O made up of two hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom.
Types of Chemical Compounds
Generally their are three types of chemical compounds —
1) Ionic Compound
The compound formed by the transfer of electron from a metal to a non-metal atom is known as Ionic or Electrovalent compound. example – NaCl, MgCl2, CaO, etc.
2) Covalent Compound
The compounds that are the result of sharing of electron are called Covalent Compound. example – H2, CO2, N2, etc.
3) Coordinate Compound
It has special type of covalent bond. These compounds exist in all the three states (solid, liquid and gas) under ordinary condition.
List of Chemical Compound
|Common Name||Chemical Name||Formula|
|Rock Salt||Sodium Chloride||Nacl|
|Caustic soda||Sodium Hydroxide||NaOH|
|Washing Soda||Sodium Carbonate||Na2CO3|
|Baking Soda||Sodium Bicarbonate||NaHCO3|
|Borox||Sodium Tetraborate decahydrate||Na2B4O7.10H2O|
|Glauber’s Salt||Sodium Sulphate decahydrate||Na2SO4.10H2O|
|Chilli Salt Petre||Sodium Nitrate||NaNO3|
|Milk of Magnesia||Magnesium Hydroxide||Mg(OH)2|
|Epsom Salt||Magnesium Sulphate||MgSO4|
|Quick Lime||Calcium Oxide||CaO|
|Slaked Lime||Calcium Hydroxide||Ca(OH)2|
|Marbel, Chalk, Pearl||Calcium Carbonate||CaCO3|
|Bleaching Powder||Calcium Chlorooxychlorite||Ca(OCl)Cl|
|Plaster of Paris||Calsium Sulphate hemihydrate||CaSO4.1/2H2O|
|Rubby or Sapphire||Aluminium Oxide||Al2O3|
|Green Vitriol||Ferrous Sulphate||FeSO4.7H2O|
|Mohr’s Slat||Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate||FeSO4.(NH4)2SO4.6H2O|
|Blue Vitriol||Copper Sulphate||CuSO4|
|Alum||Potassium Aluminium Sulphate||K2SO4.Al2(SO4)3.24H2O|
|Calomel||Mercurous Chloride||Hg2Cl2 or HgCl|
|Dry Ice||Solid Carbon Dioxide||CO2|
|Laughing Gas||Nitrous Oxide||N2O|
|Lunar Castic||Silver Nitrate||AgNO3|
|Muratic Acid||Hydrogen Chloride||HCl|
|White Vitriol||Zinc Sulphate||ZnSO4.7H2O|